What was the market situation?
Apples are grown on around 180,000 hectares (ha) of land
in Turkey and are one of the most important fruit crops.
With an average production of nearly 2.5 million tonnes a
year, Turkey is the world’s third-highest apple producer.
Local consumption accounts for almost the entire harvest
and only around 4 % is exported. In recent years, however,
exports have been increasing, in particular to the Middle
East, India, and other Arab countries, with Israel and
Russia now the target markets.
The major disease is apple scab, the major pest the codling
moth. Insecticides and fungicides are generally
applied, with both generics and original products in use.
Besides food safety, the main requirement for the growers
is to find profitable and sustainable markets.
Located in Egirdir in the south of Turkey, Gülbudak Ltd.
Şti., one of Bayer’s partners in this project, has been operating
in all stages of the fruit-growing sector and servicing
both fruit growers and consumers for 15 years. This company,
which grows saplings and mature fruit as well as
operating cold storage housing and packaging services
on 600 ha, has been playing a pioneering role in the agricultural
sector, and especially in apple production, with an
electronic optical pre-sizing system for the fruit production
process from spraying to warehousing and marketing,
and with machines equipped with color calibration and
weighing functions. Gülbudak Ltd. Şti. has always aimed
for high-quality production, which it sees as a necessary
precondition for the development of Turkish agriculture.
left: Dr. Mehmet Kaya, Bayer; right: Hasan Ince, Gülbudak
What was the solution?
An environmentally friendly spraying calendar based on
international standards was prepared to manage residues
and the number of active ingredients. Checks were carried
out by means of laboratory analyses. Bayer organized
BayG.A.P. and IPM training courses to improve the apple
growers’ knowledge of good agricultural practices and
integrated pest management. Technical support was provided
with respect to the new pests and a monitoring system
was introduced to help decide the right time to apply
crop protection products. Last but not least, some new
applications were demonstrated and checked in the field.