The Turkish Apple Gülbudak Initiative

Managing residue and active ingredient issues

What was the market situation?

Apples are grown on around 180,000 hectares (ha) of land in Turkey and are one of the most important fruit crops. With an average production of nearly 2.5 million tonnes a year, Turkey is the world’s third-highest apple producer. Local consumption accounts for almost the entire harvest and only around 4 % is exported. In recent years, however, exports have been increasing, in particular to the Middle East, India, and other Arab countries, with Israel and Russia now the target markets.

The major disease is apple scab, the major pest the codling moth. Insecticides and fungicides are generally applied, with both generics and original products in use. Besides food safety, the main requirement for the growers is to find profitable and sustainable markets.

Located in Egirdir in the south of Turkey, Gülbudak Ltd. Şti., one of Bayer’s partners in this project, has been operating in all stages of the fruit-growing sector and servicing both fruit growers and consumers for 15 years. This company, which grows saplings and mature fruit as well as operating cold storage housing and packaging services on 600 ha, has been playing a pioneering role in the agricultural sector, and especially in apple production, with an electronic optical pre-sizing system for the fruit production process from spraying to warehousing and marketing, and with machines equipped with color calibration and weighing functions. Gülbudak Ltd. Şti. has always aimed for high-quality production, which it sees as a necessary precondition for the development of Turkish agriculture.

left: Dr. Mehmet Kaya, Bayer; right: Hasan Ince, Gülbudak

What was the solution?

An environmentally friendly spraying calendar based on international standards was prepared to manage residues and the number of active ingredients. Checks were carried out by means of laboratory analyses. Bayer organized BayG.A.P. and IPM training courses to improve the apple growers’ knowledge of good agricultural practices and integrated pest management. Technical support was provided with respect to the new pests and a monitoring system was introduced to help decide the right time to apply crop protection products. Last but not least, some new applications were demonstrated and checked in the field.

For further information download the brochure on the right margin.

Bayer Division Crop Science

Food Chain Partnership
Phone: +49 2173 38 48 28
Fax: +49 2173 38 33 83

The Turkish Apple Gülbudak Initiative

Managing residue and active ingredient issues

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